Example with a context (Java: A Beginner's Guide, 6th Edition by Herbert Schildt):
An array is a collection of variables of the same type, referred to by a common name. In Java, arrays can have one or more dimensions, although the one-dimensional array is the most common. Arrays are used for a variety of purposes because they offer a convenient means of grouping together related variables. For example, you might use an array to hold a record of the daily high temperature for a month, a list of stock price averages, or a list of your collection of programming books.
What does a record really mean in the context of that sentence? Actually, I don't think I understand perfectly well what the whole thing is really trying to say. Well, I do understand that it's about collecting temperature data over a period of one month, but as far as comprehension goes, what exactly it is that the author is trying to say is something that completely escapes me. What kind of record is he talking about? The records that a sports star like Usain Bolt has or records that hold information about an individual such as criminal records, employee records et cetera?