“I fell in love with her courage, her sincerity, and her flaming self respect. And it's these things I'd believe in, even if the whole world indulged in wild suspicions that she wasn't all she should be. I love her and it is the beginning of everything.” ― F. Scott Fitzgerald

I think I may discern a complete sentence in aiming to observe a verb and verb arguments. In And it's these things I'd believe in, may it seem that a noun phrase these things (argument of believe[?]) seems all right to go former to placing a subject, I? I guess I may frequently think it goes subject verb object (noun phrase), not maybe (noun phrase) these things, subject, I. Do you say And it's these things I'd believe in, independent clause, even if the whole world indulged in wild suspicions that she wasn't all she should be., conditional clause?

1 Answer 1


You're mostly right; but the the main clause needs a little explaining. It employs a construction called a cleft as an "information packaging" device, rearranging the constituents of the underlying simple clause to emphasize these things

The "original" clause here is this:

And I believe in these things ...

To emphasize these things we start with a new copular main clause having the "dummy" (semantically empty) pronoun it as its subject and these things as its predicate complement. This position, immediately after the verb, is ordinarily the strongest position in a sentence, the typical location for new, more interesting information.

It is these things

We now bring in the rest of the original as a relative clause referring to the emphasized constituent:

It is these things [which] I believe in ...

Note that if the relativizer (which in this case) does not stand for the subject of the relative clause it may be omitted.

Otherwise your analysis is spot on.

  • I may read upon cleft. So in And it's these things I'd believe in I (would[?]) (I’d) believe in, I may get I would believe in. What is a grammatical function of would? Or may it go like would believe verb. So And conjunction, it (it’s) (not a subject[?]), (semantically empty[?]), is (a second copular verb to utilize cleft[?]) and so And it’s these things (cleft[?]). So I guess I may not get so a noun phrase, object, may go former to placing a subject, I in cleft utilization, or, I may not get may it seem like two clauses.
    – saySay
    Jun 21, 2015 at 0:52
  • I may not get relativizer. So may this seem mostly one clause? I think you did text it seems to contain maybe two main clauses? There seems one object, these things, so maybe one clause? May you write something like this? It is running I like. I thank you, StoneyB.
    – saySay
    Jun 21, 2015 at 0:52
  • @saySay Relativizer is the fashionable new jargon for what I grew up calling a relative pronoun (who, whom, which, that, &c). These things is the predicate complement of the main clause and the referent of the deleted relativizer which stands for the object of the preposition in in the relative clause. I like runningIt is running I like. Jun 21, 2015 at 0:56
  • Relative pronoun, I may get that. these things predicate complement of believe verb, or maybe would believe verb or maybe is. (I may not get if believe seems intransitive [I believe.]). So I would believe in these things seems like (And) It is these things I would believe in. What seems a main clause here, what verb, believe, or would believe? So And it is these things, main clause? I would believe in relative clause?
    – saySay
    Jun 21, 2015 at 1:17
  • I may think upon it like this? And it is these things(.[?]) (main clause), (which) I would believe in (relative clause{?]). I may not get relativizers, when you may utilize them, when you may not. I guess it may go two clauses, And it is these things. (main [independent?] clause[?]) and ([which] I would believe in) (relative clause[?]). And it is these things may seem like a different independent clause to me. It may not seem like one. And so I guess you may write It is running I like like (And) It is these things I would believe in.
    – saySay
    Jun 21, 2015 at 1:19

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