1

I came across the following sentence but I could not understand its structure and meaning and how the word given functions there.

Is it similar to the sentences which begin "having said that"?

Given that apartheid fell so recently and its legacies survive in huge disparities of wealth, education and land distribution, what is truly surprising is that the monument has survived for so long.

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  • 2
    "Given that" is more or less synonymous with "Since" or "Considering how" – Tᴚoɯɐuo Jun 21 '15 at 20:39
3

See given:

5) taken as a premise; assumed; granted ⇒ "given that ABC is a right triangle"

So,

Given that apartheid fell so recently and its legacies survive in huge disparities of wealth, education and land distribution

is the premise for the rest of the statement

what is truly surprising is that the monument has survived for so long

You would need to accept the first phrase for the second one to be applicable.

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