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My question is why do we add s to these sentences:

  1. Are you the one who plays the violin?

why do we add s to play and does one in this sentence mean you?

  1. You are the one who is funny in the class.

My second question is why do we put is instead of are and do we by one mean you?

I am looking forward to the answer and I appreciate your effort.

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    Because the number of the verb agrees with "the one". You is being identified as this other person (the one) that people are speaking of, or as the individual with a specific quality (the funny one). – Tᴚoɯɐuo Jul 1 '15 at 21:20
  • Replace "the one who" by "the person who, then you see that "one" does not mean "you". – rogermue Jul 2 '15 at 14:06
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Are you the one who plays the violin?

Here we put "s" in "play" because one that refers to you is singular. If the sentence happens to be

Are you the ones who play the violin?

We use "play" because "ones" that refers to you is plural

More example of this:

  • He/She/It drives
  • They drive
  • We drive
  • You drive

  • He/She/It cooks

  • They cook
  • We cook
  • You cook

You are the one who is funny in the class.

Because it is definite that you is singular because you used "one". If you used "ones" instead of "one" then it becomes You are the ones who are funny in class

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"One" is often used as a sort of pronoun that can refer to an indefinite, hypothetical person. Presumably, before the student said "You are the one who is funny in the class," another student had said that they're a funny person or a class clown. The student who spoke the sentence disagrees, so "the person who is funny" must be someone else. "One" in this context means simply "person."

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