Does the word “exempt” always work in favour of the exempted party? Can I say:
John is exempted the right of free accommodation.
If not, which word should I use in place of “exempt/ exempted”?
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John is exempted the right of free education.
The verb exempt means to excuse someone from doing or paying something. In this sense, it doesn't fit in the sentence. However, you can say the following:
John doesn't have/enjoy the privilege of free accommodation or simply
John doesn't have/enjoy the right of free accommodation.
I think you can also say "John isn't exempt from paying for the acommodation".
If you are exempt from something, it means you don't have to do it, but it doesn't force you to not do it.
Definition of exempt from dictionary.com:
- released from, or not subject to, an obligation, liability, etc.: organizations exempt from taxes.
So even if someone was exempt from something they consider good (like free accommodation in John's case), it doesn't mean they can't have it.
In your example sentence, you can use the word denied instead: "John is denied the right to free accommodation."
Definition of denied, also from dictionary.com:
- to withhold the possession, use, or enjoyment of: to deny access to secret information.