# There are no ~ / There are not ~

All I know about "NO" is like this.

There are no movies playing on Christmas day.

=>There are not any movies playing on Christmas day.

=>We won't be showing any movies on Christmas day.

And here's what I'd like to ask.

As I don't want to wast my time doing nothing at home, I usually make my way to a place where I can do something productive.

1. So, there are not many things that I do at home.

2. So, there are no many things that I do at home.

Here, I think #1 is right because #2 means "there are not any many things that I do at home" and this sounds awkward and not grammatically right. Am I right to think this way?

• ..things that I do... or ..things that I can do...? I think it is can Commented Jul 30, 2015 at 14:35

No is a quantifier, like one, some, many, much, few, three. We don't combine quantifiers except in mathematical expressions (one hundred, three dozen), so no many is illegitimate.

Not is a negator. It can be combined with quantifiers (not much, not one) and other word classes (not difficult, not quickly, not a question). Generally, however, we prefer to 'raise' the negator in a predicate and attach it to the verb, just as we prefer to 'raise' it out of a subordinate clause into a main clause. The unraised versions tend to be employed only to emphasize where exactly the negation lies.

We will be showing not any movies on Christmas day.
okWe will not be showing any movies on Christmas day.

? I think that we won't be showing any movies on Christmas day.
okI don't think that we will be showing any movies on Christmas day.

You will see expressions like No three of them could lift the rock. Here no doesn't combine with three, it quantifies the entire following NP; that is, this sentence is equivalent to "No set of three of them could lift the rock".

You can not use no before many and much.

You should use not before them.

You can regard no = not any

There is not any thing that I can do at home

There is no thing (or nothing) that I can do at home

but if there is something (even few) you should use other quantifers

Here, few == not many

There are few things that I can do at home

equals

There are not many things that I can do at home