Imagine a new model is derived for a physical phenomenon and consider the following sentence:

A new formulation is derived for the phenomenon of X.

Is there any formal or technical word for "new"?

  • 3
    "New" is dandy in any register. How "new" something has to be to be "new" will generally be evident in context. Aug 15, 2015 at 16:30
  • Context will also dictate whether alternatives should be approbatory/neutral (contemporary, present-day, advanced, recent, modern) or lean towards the negative (unfamiliar, unknown, strange, unaccustomed, untried). Aug 15, 2015 at 16:55
  • @FumbleFingers Some of these words can't be used for "formulation" ; for instance, "a modern formulation" does not make sense, since "modern" usually used for some sort of technologies. However, "an advanced formulation" is a suitable alternative.
    – Saj_Eda
    Aug 15, 2015 at 17:01
  • @Sara: Nonsense! By which I mean what you just said, not "about 1,380 results" in Google Books for the collocation modern formulation. And let's not forget that it would be perfectly possible to say the ancient Egyptians used embalming fluids with "an advanced formulation". Aug 15, 2015 at 17:06
  • @FumbleFingers So we conclude that using an appropriate adjective is dependent on the kind of physical phenomenon. For example, for a chemical substance, we can use modern formulation; however, for a mathematical model we should not use "modern".
    – Saj_Eda
    Aug 15, 2015 at 17:17

3 Answers 3


To me new seems to work best because its saying a new formulation (forming) is derived (obtained) for the phenomenon (existance) of X. so if they create something to obtain the existance it implize that it's new and purposly made for X. So if this wasn't new why would they create it to obtain it why don't they just buy it


I've been reading a lot of academic papers recently so the answer is that the word late is closest in meaning to the word new

Late research has shown that... And so on

Consider state-of-the-art

However current and contemporary are used when the word late doesn't work in a certain context. But I assume that's not what you're looking for.

I don't really see anything informal using new either


One alternative I've seen in many academic papers is "novel".


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