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  1. What are you doing?
  2. What you are doing?

Are both sentences correct? If so, then what is the difference between them?

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Your first is correct, asking what a person is doing.

But your second sentence is incorrect as it cannot stand alone like that. By phrasing like so in your second sentence, it becomes part of a statement rather than a question. So an example would be:

What you are doing is incorrect as there isn't an extra wire in that diagram.

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What are you doing? This works as a stand alone question.

What you are doing is a sentence fragment. It has the subject of a statement but is missing its predicate.

"What are you doing," she asked? "'What you are doing' is a sentence fragment."

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