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Example (The Kadyrov Factor: Why Putin Must Keep a Close Eye on His Chechen Strongman):

Vladimir Putin appointed Kadyrov as Chechen president in 2007 because he wanted a reliable proxy to repress the threat posed by Islamist militants in Chechnya. Kadyrov possessed a fully formed militia, known as the Kadyrovtsy, which assisted Russian efforts to consolidate control over the North Caucasus. Kadyrov's ability to combine brutal repression with the co-option of the Qadiriya (a leading Sufi Muslim sect) made him a vital component of Putin's imperial grand design in the CIS region.

Could you please explain in simplest terms possible what co-option is exactly?

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    I don't know the details of the situation, but check Wikipedia co-option #2. – user3169 Aug 22 '15 at 16:39
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To co-opt something is to "divert to or use in a role different from the usual or original one." So, Kadriyov's co-option of the Qadiriya refers to his gaining control of the sect, most likely to put it to use to further Putin's political ends.

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