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OP:

US GDP for the second quarter was revised sharply higher at an annualised rate of 3.7%, up from the first estimate of 2.3%.

In the sentence above, does it equal:

US GDP for the second quarter was revised sharply higher at an annualised rate of 3.7%, which is up from the first estimate of 2.3%.

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By putting pronouns in such case, you simply elaborate the sentence further. The sentence is 'okay' without it as well.

Yes, in the sentence, 'up' means over/more than what was estimated for the previous one.

  • I don't get it..however. the word "up" there is an adjective,right? – 오준수 Aug 28 '15 at 15:19
  • Yes. Like in "time is up". – Victor Bazarov Aug 28 '15 at 23:52

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