Are articles used before titles of nouns? Example:
Take the last date from the/∅ DataStatus table.
Take the last date from the/∅ Address table.
Are articles used before titles of nouns?
Yes, they can be. The title can be considered an adjective so it's the same situation as writing the red car, etc.
BUt, do you have to use an article here?
Articles are determiners. Here's what Wikipedia says about it in the "Zero determiner" section from this article.
with plural or uncountable nouns used to refer to a concept or members of a class generally: cars are useful (but the cars when specific cars are being referred to); happiness is contagious (but the happiness when specific happiness is referred to, as in the happiness that laughter engenders...).
with plural or uncountable nouns used to refer to some unspecified amount of something: there are cats in the kitchen; I noticed water on the floor (here it is also possible to use some cats, some water).
with many proper names: Tom Smith, Birmingham, Italy, Jupiter.
with singular common nouns in some common expressions: smiling from ear to ear, leaving town today.
The closest point that could apply would be the first one above, but you are not refering to a concept of a table, or members of a table class, but an actual instance of a date from an actual instance of a table. A table is definitely countable anyway. So you should use the article.