2

"It's not that easy" / "I don't play Facebook that much"

vs

"It's not easy" / "I don't play Facebook much"

What's the difference??

1
  • By the way, your title would be more grammatical as "Should "that" be added or shouldn't it?". It may be even more clear as "When should I add "that" here?"
    – Mark S.
    Sep 11 '15 at 12:18
7

This that in your sentences is an adverb, and it's mainly spoken.

Usually, you can understand it as so or very.

So the meanings of your sentences with and without that are not quite the same.

It's not easy. -- This simply means that it's not easy.
It's not that easy. -- This means that it's not so easy or not very easy.

Also often enough, that the adverb is used in context to refer back to the degree (or size or amount) that expressed or expected by another. So, in some contexts, it can be understood either way, i.e. it's not very easy/much/often, or it's not as easy/much/often as the conversation partner might be thinking.

Compare:

I don't play Facebook much. -- A plain statement.

with:

I've heard that you use Facebook 12 hours a day, every day.
I don't play Facebook that much!
(An emphasis that you don't use Facebook as much or as often as the other expects.)


Here is the definition of the adverb that as given by the Oxford dictionary:

that
adverb
[as submodifier]

1 To such a degree; so:
​  'I wouldn’t go that far'
1.1 Used with a gesture to indicate size:
​  'it was that big, perhaps even bigger'
1.2 informal Very:
​  'I couldn’t get out of the house fast enough, I was that embarrassed!'

4
  • When we say, 'it's not that easy', the 'that' refers to exceeding anticipation one has about it. 'I can do that' ~ 'Ah, it's not 'that' easy' denotes the speaker is warning that it is not that easy as the former one thinks.
    – Maulik V
    Sep 11 '15 at 9:21
  • @MaulikV Yes, but how do we know the former one thinks? Do we always need to know? Do we always have to hear the other state their idea first? That's why it's tricky for the learners. Sep 11 '15 at 9:25
  • Even though the former one has not said anything, when two people discuss and 'it's not that easy' is said, we consider that that 'that' exceeds the degree of 'easiness' both, if not just one have in their mind
    – Maulik V
    Sep 11 '15 at 9:27
  • That's usually correct. You may note that I've written expressed or expected in my answer. Sep 11 '15 at 9:28
0

It's not easy.

means it is difficult, and not easy.

It's not that easy.

means it's not so/very easy, OR it's not as easy as some information suggests. Example:

Mark said it's a snap.

Nah.. it's not that easy!

0

http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/that_4 - that as adverb.

You can replace this "that" by "so". Often you can explain this use by "in that degree".

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