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I have used the following sentence. I am not sure whether the use of word "afraid" conveys the correct meaning.

I am afraid it did not quite answer my question

3 Answers 3

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If you could replace the phrase, "I am afraid " with "Unfortunately," in your intended meaning, then yes, you used it correctly, as in definition 2 here.

afraid (adj): filled with concern or regret over an unwanted situation

Note that this definition of afraid is often used with some sarcasm. For instance, if I caught one of my chemistry students cheating, and he or she offered a poor excuse, I might say

I'm afraid you'll have to come up with a better story than that.

and I would not have any concern whatsoever about the unfortunate social situation the student was in.

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Maybe rephrasing the following way might help you understand it more easily:

I'm afraid that you might freak out to learn that he's not coming tonight.

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The main sense of afraid is feeling fear, frightened, or worried when you think something bad might happen.

The phrase "I am afraid" is used to mean that I am sorry to have to say; you use it as a polite way of telling somebody something that's unpleasant, disappointing, or something you don't agree on.

You have used the phrase correctly in the second sense.

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