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I'm trying to find the right verb for when the radio is ... broadcasting? ... a particular channel. In my native language, a direct translation would be "the radio was playing BBC 4" but that doesn't sound right in English. "Broadcasting" sounds weird when it's just a radio receiving signals. Receiving?

To broadcast? To receive? Something else?

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    How about BBC 4 was being broadcast on the radio? – Sander Sep 23 '15 at 15:31
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    @Sander I don't think that's the correct meaning; the signal broadcast emits from the radio tower, not reciever units. Unless OP means that a particular radio channel was re-broadcasting the BBC 4 program, as opposed to any other audio content. – user151841 Sep 23 '15 at 19:08
  • Receiving I suppose, but I would never use that. One side is transmitting, one side is receiving. – coburne Sep 23 '15 at 19:54
  • As an amateur radio operator, "broadcasting" is the transmission of a signal intended for reception by the general public. Broadcasting is illegal in amateur radio, but we can transmit. – Nick T Sep 23 '15 at 22:04
  • @Sander being broadcasted on the radio, perhaps – Apologize and reinstate Monica Sep 24 '15 at 20:51
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"Playing" is the word I would use (British English).

Broadcasting does sound weird because the radio itself is receiving a broadcast, not broadcasting.

You can also say that a radio is tuned to Radio 4.

(Radio 4 or BBC Radio 4, or just 4, but not BBC 4 because that's a TV channel.)

  • 6
    I'd use playing in America too, with tuned to as a second option. Often I just say "My favorite song is on the radio" without using any other verb. – Karen Sep 24 '15 at 1:15
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    Playing was my first thought too. – Evan Carslake Sep 24 '15 at 6:57
  • I'll second "tuned to" as the most concise way to express the station which a radio or TV is receiving at any given time. – Monty Harder Sep 24 '15 at 20:59
  • American here as well, my first thought was also "playing". Completely idiomatic in American English. – delliottg Sep 24 '15 at 21:13
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"Tuned in" is probably the safest option, as LanguidSquid and ssav have mentioned.

"Playing" is applicable, because the word "play" in this context refers to "playback," which has a different meaning than the normal usage of the component word "play." However, usually "playing" is used when referring to songs and music specifically, because "playback" occurs when someone starts a record track, or more commonly nowadays, a digital audio file from the beginning. Usually talk shows or speeches are not pre-recorded, so the words "playback" and its shortened form "play" aren't quite as applicable. However, most people don't regard such nuanced differences in semantics. In usage, "play" would refer to the song or other audio presentation that the channel is broadcasting, not the channel itself.

"Receiving" is correct, although not used very often. It is the most specific/appropriate word to use to describe what exactly the radio is doing, but most people leave it out of colloquial conversation.

However, you could definitely call your radio equipment a "receiver." The transmitter or broadcasting device is somewhere else -- usually where a radio signal tower is located, in the channel's studio.

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    Interesting definition from Macmillan: to make something such as a radio, CD, etc. start to produce sounds, or to be made to do this [emphasis added]. As you point out, play is a suitable verb. – J.R. Sep 23 '15 at 21:31
3

The radio is tuned in to BBC 4.

It also makes sense to say 'The radio is playing BBC 4'. The radio is a similar device to a record or CD player and these 'play music'.

Similarly, a television that is tuned to/turned to BBC can be described as showing BBC when the channel is set to BBC.

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    At least in AmE The radio is on 104. or The radio is on KRBE. or Can I put the radio on KRBE / 104? is very common. – AbraCadaver Sep 23 '15 at 17:07
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I would make a distinction.

Tuned to X or just set to X means the knob(s), switches, button(s) or whatever are set to a particular frequency or station X rather than some other frequency or station. But the radio might not actually be reproducing the sounds broadcast (or transmitted) by X because:

  • the radio is turned off, or does not have a working source/supply of electric power

  • X is not transmitting right now, for example shut down overnight

  • the radio is far away from X, farther than the radio signal can propagate

  • the speaker(s) and/or headset is(are) disconnected or broken

Receiving X or playing X means the radio is tuned to X and "on" and X is broadcasting and the radio is reproducing the sounds being broadcast by X.

3

I know you're asking for a verb, but since a couple people have suggested "tuned in", which is not a verb, I would like to suggest that a verb is not needed at all, and there is a very common way of describing what is on the radio (I just used the phrase myself without even realizing it).

In American English, you can say, "The BBC was on the radio" (meaning the BBC was playing on the radio) and also "The radio was on the BBC" (meaning that the radio was tuned into a station broadcasting the BBC). Here is an example on the web: "The radio was on BBC stations all day..." And here: "The BBC was on the radio..."

Talking about something "playing" on the radio sounds to me like music was on the radio. I think that comes from the fact that we say that a musician or a band "plays" a song or artists' work. When a song is heard on the radio, then the radio is "playing" it. So, you wouldn't say that the radio is playing the BBC, because that's likely not a musical program, but you would say that the radio is playing Beethoven's Fifth, or Led Zeppelin, for example. However, music and songs can also be 'on' the radio.

  • Tune can be used as a verb; see def 3 : to adjust with respect to resonance at a particular frequency: as (a) to adjust (a radio or television receiver) to respond to waves of a particular frequency — often used with in (b) to establish radio contact with <tune in a directional beacon> – John B Sep 23 '15 at 19:57
  • Well, what I meant was that "tuned in" is not a present-tense verb or gerund, but a past participle. – user151841 Sep 23 '15 at 20:02
2

As others have said, there are quite a few options depending on the context. Here are some specific examples that show how different words apply:

  1. I couldn't hear you before because Ron had the radio going.

  2. So NMR played this story on the radio earlier about a man and his store.

  3. I can't get the radio to pick up a signal in the shop.

  4. Stupid teenagers think driving around with the radio blasting is cool.

...and there's a lot more and they're all a little bit different. Going implies the radio was background noise to the speaker (he wasn't paying attention); played implies whatever was on the radio was prerecorded; pick up specifically refers to the radio getting a signal; blasting refers to the volume of the speakers, even though we apply the verb to the radio.

TL;DR radios "do" a lot of different things in different contexts - you have to find the right word for the situation.

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If the radio is on, but nobody is listening (there are people there, but they are ignoring the sound), you can say the radio is blaring. This can be transitive ("it was blaring BBC 4") or intransitive ("it was blaring in the background"). The definition doesn't require that nobody is listening, but that is the connotation if you don't say otherwise.

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Playing. As in "The radio's playing some forgotten song, Brenda Lee's comin' on strong" (Golden Earring, Radar Love)

@Kevin: Blaring just means it's load and/or distorted. Nothing to do with nobody listening. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/blare. Oh, and "in the background" doesn't make it intransitive, because that's not a direct object.

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