# What do you call it when you have a number multiplied by 10?

I have the following sentence:

This number is the initial value multiplied by 10.

Context: Tabletop roleplaying games. I'm deriving a number from a statistic inherent to a character, with said number being ten times the statistic in question.

While it covers what I want to say, I'm not entirely keen on the "multiplied by 10" part, as it seems rather unwieldy. So I'm looking for a word that covers what I am trying to say here. I've considered the following:

This number is the tenfold the initial value.

But this seems a bit archaic and a bit silly. Another reason I prefer not to use tenfold: I'm not entirely sure on how to use it correctly. Is there another way to say this?

• But tenfold is usually used adverbially or adjectivally, not as a noun ("The tenfold"). The number will increase tenfold. It is a tenfold increase. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Sep 29 '15 at 12:31
• Another reason I prefer not to use tenfold: I'm not entirely sure on how to use it correctly. – Thomas Jacobs Sep 29 '15 at 12:32
• If it's in a game, "with an extra zero" may work: This number is [ the initial value ] with an extra zero. – Damkerng T. Sep 29 '15 at 13:31

The <new value> is ten times the <old value>.

For example,

The character's IQ is ten times the character's INT rating.

• This is the most natural answer, although I would say your example is unnecessarily obscure. – Théophile Sep 29 '15 at 21:06
• @Théophile -- The example is based on the context the original poster provided in the comments to the original post: character statistics for table-top role-playing games. – Jasper Sep 29 '15 at 23:10
• Oh, I see. I hadn't noticed those comments. In that case, your example is perfect. :) – Théophile Sep 30 '15 at 2:30
• I've moved the relevant comment into the question. Interestingly the OP used the phrase, said number being ten times the statistic in question, thus answering their own question! – chasly from UK Sep 30 '15 at 8:48

It's a bit mathematical so I don't know if would work in your case, but you could say it's an "order of magnitude" higher.

Orders of magnitude are used to make approximate comparisons. If numbers differ by 1 order of magnitude, x is about ten times different in quantity than y. If values differ by 2 orders of magnitude, they differ by a factor of about 100. Two numbers of the same order of magnitude have roughly the same scale: the larger value is less than ten times the smaller value.

So, for your example, you could say:

This number is an order of magnitude greater than the initial value.

• It's not the same thing: an order of magnitude greater does not mean multiplied by ten. For instance 17 is an order of magnitude greater than 1. – Massimo Ortolano Sep 29 '15 at 19:51
• I agree with @MassimoOrtolano, and this agrees with the quote provided by Catija. However, we could improve the usage here by inserting the word "exactly", i.e. 10 is exactly one order of magnitude higher than 1. 17, however, is not exactly one order of magnitude higher than 1. – AndyT Sep 30 '15 at 9:35
• @AndyT No. 'Exactly' and 'an order of' are mutually inconsistent. 'Order of' is intended to convey imprecision. – user207421 Sep 30 '15 at 23:54
• @Catija Your own source says 'approximate'. So your answer is not correct. – user207421 Sep 30 '15 at 23:58
• @EJP - I believe you are right. Having googled "exactly one order of magnitude" there aren't many hits, and my comment above is actually 2nd on the list....! – AndyT Oct 1 '15 at 8:09

I suspect what you're looking for is...

decuple [literally, to times by ten]

...following the same formulation as double, triple, quadruple, quintuple etc.

So you would say

"this number is the initial value decupled

• You should note that while gramatically correct, this expression would not be found in normal use of British English. The normal use would be

"timesed by ten", "times by ten" (or simply) "times ten"

• What a cool word, +1! – Lucky Sep 30 '15 at 14:57
• is "timesed" standard in BE? In AE it sounds like something a 1st grader would say. – Kevin Sep 30 '15 at 17:25
• @Kevin - More common in spoken English than written, certainly, but not something you would associate with a young speaker, probably more the opposite. A young speaker would say "times ten". – Richard Sep 30 '15 at 17:36
• In AE, "Three times ten" is the verbal form of the mathematical expression "3 x 10". If one is expressing the operation in terms of an action verb, it would be "Three multiplied by ten." "Times" is the operator; "multiply" is the action. – hBy2Py Sep 30 '15 at 19:32
• It is a good word, but it's important to note that this isn't a common one. I'd be willing to bet that most native speakers would have no idea, and that a good fraction of those who would have a guess would only have that when the word appears in sequence with septuple, octuple, nonuple. – mattdm Oct 1 '15 at 2:18

There is a somewhat obsolete phrase

ten-fold

used as

Their harvest increased ten-fold

I would just use

ten times bigger

or

increased by a factor of ten

• The author states in their question that "tenfold" "seems a bit archaic and a bit silly." I'm not sure why you're mentioning it in your answer. – ColleenV parted ways Mar 21 '18 at 11:10

Deca is the word you are looking for :) from Greek language

• Deca is a root that can, in certain cases, be adapted for the purpose with an appropriate coinage. But there is no way you can use it as a standalone word in English. – Nathan Tuggy Mar 21 '18 at 8:31