My question is when a past participle can be thought of as a single word, not a inflectional form of verbs?

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    What do you mean by "thought of as a single word"? Can you give an example?
    – TimR
    Commented Oct 14, 2015 at 12:57

1 Answer 1


It's because the participles can (and often do) have meanings of their own, as nouns or adjectives.

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    Especially, if their meanings differ slightly. E.g. colored means having a certain color, but not necessarily having been colored (and still dripping wet paint). They could also have been derived independently.
    – Chieron
    Commented Nov 13, 2015 at 13:46

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