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She would presume to censure my own conduct, and press on me advice in matters well beyond her understanding, and give me such words as no poor man would willingly hear from his wife.’

Cranmer says, ‘She was bold, it is true. She knew it for a fault and would try to bridle herself.’

Bring Up the Bodies by Hilary Mantel

What does the bold sentence mean? She knew it to be a fault?

  • She thought of it as a fault, not something to be very proud of. – Soha Farhin Pine Aug 24 '18 at 10:17
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It means exactly the same as "She knew that it was a fault".

It's an old-fashioned, literary phrasing and you would almost never hear it in conversation today.

  • 1
    The only place you might hear that phrasing is in either of "Do you take me for a fool?" or "They took me for a fool.", or separately in "What do you take me for?" – Patrick Stevens Oct 18 '15 at 9:37
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FROM OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY -

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a. In the character of, in the light of, as equivalent to; esp. to introduce the complement after verbs of incomplete predication, e.g. to have, hold, etc. (see those verbs), where as or as being may generally be substituted. to beg (a person) for a fool.

This is the meaning OED gives.
Now your sentence is -

She knew it for a fault.

From the dictionary it is equivalent to a fault. Or this sentence can be rephrased as -

She knew it to be a fault.

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