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What is the difference between the two sentences:

  1. How much gold this ring has?
  2. How much gold does this ring has?

Another example:

  1. How much water do you have?
  2. How much water you have?

Update

I have two questions.

How much something (do/does) something (have/has)?

When can I use do/does?

As you know this sentence:

How much contrast your image has?

Here we neither use do nor does.

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    If you are confused about turning 'has' sentences into a question. Use 'does+have' in all those. This will work. So, How much gold does this ring have?; How much contrast does your image have? and so on... Hope this helps. – Maulik V Oct 19 '15 at 5:26
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    @gmotree, check my updated answer. – Mamta D Oct 19 '15 at 5:30
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    Note that you are asking 'difference between sentences' and you are posting 'questions'. Even further, 'how much gold this ring has' is absolutely fine but then it'd make a sentence and not a question. Like - How much money will I get by selling this off? ~ It all depends on how much gold this ring has. So, decide by yourself. If you are making a sentence without a question mark, the first example is fine, but as a question, it fails. – Maulik V Oct 19 '15 at 6:53
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Both examples are wrong grammatically. You need to ask,

"How much gold does this ring have?"

does is the right word to use here and not do because your verb has to agree with the subject.

Since your subject is the ring, the correct verb to use is does.

Refer this link for more examples and explanation.

EDIT

Based on OP's updated second question, am making an edit here.

Remember this basic rule

Subjects and verbs must AGREE with one another in number (singular or plural). Thus, if a subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; if a subject is plural, its verb must also be plural.

Do matches all plurals as well as the singular subjects I and you. Does is for all other singular subjects. That’s the system for most present tense questions.

Similarly, the verb do appears as does if the subject is a singular noun or, once again, a third-person singular pronoun (he, she, it):

Gus does the housework.

If the subject is a plural noun or the pronoun

I, you, we, or they, use do:

Gus and Merdine do the chores together.

Source

Source

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    How about "how much water do you have?" And " how much water you have" ? – gmotree Oct 19 '15 at 4:50
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    What exactly do you want to ask the person regarding water? Consumption? Or availability? – Mamta D Oct 19 '15 at 4:51
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    Then you can ask, "How much water is available with you?" Personally, I'd prefer "What is the quantity of water you have available?" – Mamta D Oct 19 '15 at 4:55
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    Mamta, I think there's nothing wrong with "How much water do you have?" in the sense of availability. – Khan Oct 19 '15 at 5:54
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    Conversationally (at a casual level), it would be ok but if you're including it in some communication or article, then it wouldn't be proper. – Mamta D Oct 19 '15 at 5:57

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