Which of the following sentences is more natural or normal, is there any difference?

  • Currently, there are powerful query languages for XML.
  • Currently, powerful query languages exist for XML.

What are the other alternatives?

  • 2
    The "there are" form is considered less formal. Not "informal" exactly, but less elaborate.
    – SF.
    Oct 20, 2015 at 12:32
  • Currently is unnecessary. "At this time" is implied in the present tense verb.
    – TimR
    Oct 20, 2015 at 18:44
  • @TRomano, Isn't that true of practically all sentences with "currently"? Oct 21, 2015 at 14:20
  • 1
    There are times when "currently" fits and times when it doesn't. There are currently five people ahead of you in the queue. Yes. There is currently no cure for Alzheimers. Yes. There is currently a polio vaccine. Otiose, and not quite what currently means. Things that exist currently or don't exist currently are subject to change. But once something exists and will continue to exist, we don't say "currently". There are currently 50 states. With Puerto Rico, it could be 51. Yes. The United States is currently between Canada and Mexico. No.
    – TimR
    Oct 21, 2015 at 14:38
  • @TRomano thank you for the point! it seems I should say it as "there are powerful query languages for XML " or use "Today" and say "Today, three are powerful query languages for XML", maybe to emphasize that they were not before but they are in access at the present time. Anyway, I think I need to refer to the present time. However, as I searched other articles they most use "currently" rather than "today".
    – Ahmad
    Oct 21, 2015 at 14:48

2 Answers 2


Both seem natural to me. I'd use both without hesitating.

What are the other alternatives?

I actually can't think of any without making the sentence clumsy

It's possible to say:

Currently, there exist some powerful query languages for XML

but this sounds mathematical, sounding similar to "For every x, there exists a y such that..." so I wouldn't use it.

  • I'd say the alternative you give works, but should be "there exist" as "languages" is the subject (cf. ell.stackexchange.com/a/46968/25308)
    – Jez W
    Oct 20, 2015 at 10:54
  • What about this alternative Currently, powerful query languages are available for XML.
    – Ahmad
    Oct 20, 2015 at 11:01
  • Yeah Ahmad, that's fine. There certainly are other ways to say what you want, but I couldn't think of any quickly. Oct 20, 2015 at 11:01

In this case, I don't think there's a clear answer. Both sentences convey the information without coming off as pompous. I agree with the other answerers to drop "Currently".

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .