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I have this red pen.

Does this mean the red pen is with me at this moment, from last week, from last month, since I was born, or just at this moment?

I have eaten.

Does this give information about the last time I had food, or about me having had food since my childhood?

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"I have this pen." doesn't say since when you have that pen; it just says you have/own that pen at the moment you are saying it.

"I have eaten." says you recently had food; it is not something you say when, for example, you have not eaten anything for a week or more. For example, if somebody asks you "Did you have dinner?" you could answer "I have eaten." but that would not mean "No, I didn't have dinner; I have not eaten since a week ago."

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    Yes, but note that "I have this pen" doesn't necessarily mean you have the pen with you at time of speaking. It might just mean you own it, but you left it somewhere else. Jun 8, 2013 at 21:04
  • Indeed it doesn't. I have doesn't necessarily mean "I have it with me." in the same way "I have a car like this." doesn't necessarily imply my car is somewhere close to me.
    – apaderno
    Jun 8, 2013 at 22:46

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