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Suppose I have a word like show-case or e-commerce or e-mail. How are these words supposed to be made upper-case?

  1. Show-case, E-commerce, E-mail.

or

  1. Show-Case, E-Commerce, E-Mail.

Thanks!

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    I think the word "showcase" has no hyphen. – Victor Bazarov Oct 22 '15 at 16:09
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At the beginning of a sentence, first letter only, unless if the thing's actual name has either both words or the second word with initial caps.

e.g. e-mail -> E-mail, but Wite-Out is Wite-Out and pro-Randy -> Pro-Randy

Otherwise, it's typically the generic parts (i.e. not proper nouns) of the word that are not capitalized, while proper nouns in the hyphenated structure are.

e.g. pro-choice, anti-socialist, no-brainer, meat-eating;

but

Mario-loving, anti-Luigi, pro-Republican

| improve this answer | |
  • "Communist" is a proper noun, no? It certainly is if "Republican" is, at any rate. – Crazy Eyes Oct 22 '15 at 16:54
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    "Communist" is proper when referring to a Communist Party or related things. When talking about the ideology in general, it often isn't, and thus is "communist". Though context may contradict that. – Nihilist_Frost Oct 22 '15 at 17:05
  • Do the same rules apply to headings and table headers? – Jordan Jamingsons Oct 22 '15 at 17:32
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    @JordanJ - Assuming the heading is written in Title Case, that makes for an interesting twist on your question. (Perhaps you should have made that part of your original question, especially if that's the situation you are most interested in.) I've seen headlines in both formats: (e.g. Pro-life Groups Rally in Capitol vs. Pro-Life Groups Rally in Capitol), so I believe it's more a style issue than a right-way/wrong-way issue. – J.R. Oct 22 '15 at 20:37

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