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I'm looking for English word which describes the photo of head facing sideways relative to camera.

For example in this mugshot: Mugshot, profile and full face

The right photo is portrait, what would you call the left one? In my native language it's called "profile". But if I say profile photo, people will think Facebook profile photo.

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    You can refer to it as a Side Profile – Aequitas Oct 24 '15 at 1:38
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    RE: But if I say profile photo, people will think Facebook profile photo. That depends on the context. There are plenty of ways to disambiguate words with more than one meaning. – J.R. Oct 24 '15 at 19:55
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The photo on the left is a "profile", "profile view", or a photo taken "in profile".

And yes, online "profiles" do confuse the issue. OTOH, it's a nice look at language evolution if you think about how an online "profile" is a quick "outline" of the person.

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    'Profile view' also might be a common way of referring to this perspective of someone's 'head outline'... – Crowie Oct 23 '15 at 20:28
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Firstly, they are both portraits:

A painting, drawing, photograph, or engraving of a person, especially one depicting only the face or head and shoulders

http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/portrait

The position of the head relative to the camera is irrelevant.

The one on the left is:

a portrait in profile.

http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/in-profile?q=in+profile

The one on the right I would call:

a front-on portrait

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The first one is called "profile shot" or "side-view shot" It's usually taken to get a clear look of your jawline/nose/etc.

You can learn more about different types of shots on Serif.com

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It is called "profile" as well. See, for example http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/profile . It comes from the practice of creating outlines by projecting the shadow of the figure and tracing the outline on the paper, and in majority of cases the figure was positioned so that the nose, lips, forehead were visible. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silhouette or search for "silhouette art profile".

You can also call it "side shot" or "side view".

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