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Can we use the structure: for + sb/sth + to + verb + ... As a noun phrase?

For example, in the following sentence:

The best approach to address this issue is [noun (phrase)]

Can we complete the sentence like this? Is it grammatically current? If it is, what grammar is used?

The best approach to address this issue is for the government to introduce green taxes.

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The best thing to do for our planet is to tackling globe warm The best thing to do for our planet is that we all save energy.

Yes, the structure you stated is fine, but your example is somewhat not following your structure.

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The best approach to address this issue is for the government to introduce green taxes.

There is nothing wrong with the structure presented by the OP, but the sentence formed by him isn't according to the structure. It should be:

The best approach for the government to address this issue is to introduce green taxes.

Alternatively, I think, you can say:

The best approach for the govetnment to address this issue is that it introduce green taxes.

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    I want the sentence to convey the meaning that the best possible action is ... not the best action that the government can take. – user2136334 Oct 29 '15 at 7:18
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    user2136334, Well, you can say: The best approach to address this issue is that the government introduce green taxes. – Khan Oct 29 '15 at 7:28
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Whether this a noun phrase or not, depends on your grammar. However, the more important point is: Can we use "For someone to do something" as the Complement of a verb (or indeed as the Subject of a clause)?

The answer is like this:

We can use to-infinitivals without the word for:

  • To err is human.
  • The best thing would be to give the elephant a bun.
  • I arranged to leave.

In the sentences above there is no for introducing the infinitival clause. However, notice that these clauses have no Subject. Often, if we want to use a Subject with an infinitival clause, we need to start the clause with the word for:

  • For people to err is human.
  • The best thing would be for Bob to give the elephant a bun.
  • I arranged for the ship to leave.

The Original Poster's sentence is grammatically correct:

The best approach to address this issue is for the government to introduce green taxes.

This verb uses an infinitival clause as a Complement of the verb BE. It is a grammatically formulated sentence. The reason that for is required here is that the infinitival clause has a Subject, the government. If we don't use it the sentence is ungrammatical:

  • *The best approach to address this issue is the government to introduce green taxes. (wrong).

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