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Please help me to define types of clauses 1) main/independent 2) subject,object, predicative, adverbial...

La Falterona began to sing, in an undertone, but as she heard the sounds come from her lips and found that they were clear and pure she let herself go.

La Falterona began to sing, in an undertone - independent. "she let herself go" - also independent.

And what about subbordinate clauses "as she heard the sounds come from her lips" and "found that they were clear and pure" - what do they depend on?

And one more thing."Go" in "let herself go" is a verbal (simple infinitive)?

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    She let herself go is an independent clause coordinated (with but) with the other independent clause La Falterona began to sing. – StoneyB on hiatus Nov 4 '15 at 20:04
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    These two clauses are coordinated with and. Depending on your grammatical sect (or that of you teachers) , you may understand them as a) the conjoint clausal object of the preposition as or b) a conjoint clause subordinated by the conjunction as. – StoneyB on hiatus Nov 4 '15 at 20:21
  • Ok. But what are they dependent on? On "she let herself go"? – Daisy Nov 4 '15 at 20:34
  • @Daisy: He sat at the table ready to eat, but as he picked up the bowl and found that it was hot he burnt his hands. Does the as-clause go with the sitting or with the getting burnt? – Tᴚoɯɐuo Nov 4 '15 at 21:17
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    [ La Falterona began to sing, [ in an undertone ] ], but [ [ as [ she heard the sounds come from her lips ] and [ found that they were clear and pure ] ] she let herself go ]. – Damkerng T. Nov 4 '15 at 21:40
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Perhaps this diagram will help. Coordinating conjunctions are capitalized, and arrows point from modifiers to the underlined element modified:

 (La Falterona began to sing 
 (                      ‾‾↑‾
 (                        in an undertone, 
 (BUT 
 (             (heard the sounds come from her lips 
 (     as she -(AND 
 (     ↓       (found that they were clear and pure 
 (_____↓____________
 (she let herself go.

let herself go means "allowed herself to sing loudly".

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