7

What is the correct form?

1) It can contain

2) It can contains

12

As a native speaker I would say

1) it can contain

To use contains, the word "can" must be dropped, e.g.

2b) it contains

Only the modal verb (in this case, can) has to be in third person singular, the second part of the verb must be in bare infinitive form (because it is used after a modal).

  • 12
    This has nothing to do with native/non-native! In any dialect or register, 'it can contains' is incorrect. – Maulik V Nov 6 '15 at 4:49
  • Hmmm, does can have a third person singular form? I don't think so. – Araucaria Nov 7 '15 at 17:17
9

The modal verbs in English have a very strict grammar. The main members of this category are:

  • Can, could, shall, should, will, would, may , might, must

These are the most important things to know about modal verbs:

  1. They have no other forms apart from the forms you see above. The following words, for example, are impossible in English:

    • cans , canning , canned, to can
  2. Modal verbs never occur with other modal verbs in the same clause. The following sentence is ungrammatical because it uses two modals together:

    • *When I finish my studies, I will can speak English perfectly
  3. Modal verbs are always the first verb in the clause. The following is ungrammatical:

    • *She have been could studying English.

Point number (4) is the most important one for the Original Poster's question:

  1. Modal verbs are always followed by a verb in the plain form. This is the form you see in a dictionary. The following sentences are ungrammatical. They are impossible in English:

    • *She can dances.
    • *She can dancing.
    • *She can to dance.
    • *She can danced.

For this reason the Original Poster's example must be like this:

  • She can dance.

For the nine central members of this class these rules are always true. There are never any exceptions. Ever. If we break any of these rules, our sentence is guaranteed to be ungrammatical. It's good to have some rules in English that don't have exceptions!

7

After modal verbs follows a bare infinitive.

  • 3
    Maybe you could expand upon this rather more? – Nathan Tuggy Nov 6 '15 at 2:05
  • I see such mistakes as "He can speaks English" so often that I just wanted to focus on the fact that after a modal verb can follow only a bare infinitive. The topic modal verbs is too large for explanations. Good links are better and below there are two links. – rogermue Nov 6 '15 at 5:00
  • @NathanTuggy I sympathise with Roger's point here. If you'd like a more in depth answer then you could have a look at mine below. – Araucaria Nov 7 '15 at 17:15
  • The answer is correct but the answer's sentence is not very good...[I see mistakes such as x; non-English speakers often write; I see such mistakes as] – Lambie Mar 24 at 16:30
2

First one is the correct form.

http://www.englishpage.com/modals/can.html

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/modal-verbs.html

If you want to use contains, drop can...

2

Ron Jensen is correct, but fails to point out that the two phrases have different meanings:

1) it can contains -- makes no sense / is incorrect

2) it contains -- means there is some thing inside "it"

3) it can contain -- means that "it" is capable of holding some thing

Example:

If you are speaking of a 100ml drinking glass:

If the glass is half full, you might say:

"It contains 50ml of water."

or

If you are speaking of its ability to hold some amount, you might say:

"It can contain 75ml."

If you want to tell the absolute maximum you need some modifier, you might say:

"It can contain up to 100ml."

1

After a model verb, the verb must be in bare-infinitive form.

So,

  • "It can contain" is correct.
  • "It can contains" must be modified to "It can contain", or "It contains".
1

1) It can contain is the correct form.

I also agree with Ron Jensen's for "It contains", but here the phrase suggests it is definite as opposed to the original phrase "It can contain".

  • That is true, the two phrases do have a different meaning. – Ron Jensen Nov 6 '15 at 16:17

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.