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Are both the following sentences correct?

He is not coming to school due to he fell sick last night.
He is not coming to school because he fell sick last night.

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They are not interchangeable. "Due to" has to be followed by a noun phrase and "because" - by a clause (which means there will be a verb after it). So in your examples, the second sentence is correct. A correct example with "due to" will be: "His company's success was mostly due to the excellent performance of the manager."

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    Yes. You might add that in the most exacting registers due to is deployed (as you have done) as head of an adjectival clause rather than of an adverbial clause: N (is) due to N rather than S due to N. His absence from school today is due to illness last night. – StoneyB Jun 13 '13 at 10:51
  • @StoneyB, I don't understand the point you make. Could you give an example using an adverbial clause, please? – Nico Mar 3 '14 at 17:14
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    @Nico Apologies for the shorthand. N stands for noun or nominal, S for sentence. Very formal writing deprecates using a due to N phrase as a sentence modifier, as in He is absent due to sickness. Instead you should say His absence is due to sickness or He is absent because he is sick. – StoneyB Mar 3 '14 at 17:19

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