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He will have lunch 12:30 ~ 1:00 according to this sentence.

The anwers are 'b, d' in the question 4. I wonder why can't 'a' be the answer?

a. he'll have lunch.

b. he'll be having lunch.

I think this two sentence has same meaning. but 'a' is wrong. what is difference 'a' and 'b'? Why is 'a' wrong?

5

At 12:45 he'll have lunch

This says that at 12:45, the subject will stop what he was doing and start to have his lunch.

At 12:45 he'll be having lunch

This says that at 12:45 the subject will be engaged in having lunch, he may have just started, he may be nearly done, we don't know.

Looking at the schedule, he'll have lunch at 12:30 and continue until about 1 o'clock, so at 12:45 he will be having lunch.

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  • 1
    +1 Based on this exercise with its simplistic schedule, it seems that at 12:45 he'll be exactly halfway through lunch. But, yes, he'll have lunch refers either to the time he begins lunch or to the whole time he has lunch (he'll have lunch from 12:30 until 1:00).
    – user20792
    Nov 10 '15 at 11:08
  • What do you think of option c? Possible?
    – Maulik V
    Nov 10 '15 at 12:02
  • option c is correct english, but it doesn't fit the schedule since he begins lunch at 12:30 and it takes about half an hour, he probably wont have finished by 12:45. Nov 10 '15 at 13:08
  • option d) is actually possible since he'll have started lunch but wont have finished yet Nov 10 '15 at 13:09
-1

"he'll have lunch" simply means that he will eat a meal, but saying "He will have lunch" we are not enrtirely sure that it will happen. Future Simple is used here like a prediction about what may happen in the future.

Here in b, because the author mentions a particular hour: 12:45, we use Future continuous to emphasize the activity ( at this time he will be eating his lunch, he will be during it).

-2

Because the period specified (from 1230 to 1300 hr) is continuous period for employees to have lunch. In other words, it is the future continuous scene.

So, during that half an hour, he'll be having lunch (future continuous). Option d is also fine as you are pretty sure that he will have started his lunch.

Logically, the option c is also possible. Because in that entire paragraph, it's not mentioned that when Josh finishes his lunch. Say, he starts by 12;35 and finishes by 12;44 pm. You can certainly say that at 12;45 pm, he'll have finished his lunch.

Why 'he'll have lunch' does not fit? Because that is simple future and the time specified is in between 1230 to 1300 hr which requires continuity. Had it been 12;30 pm, "he'll have lunch" would have been okay.


Is this an exercise for the tenses in English or some logic? Because if we describe someone's routine that happens daily, we use present tense.

He goes to office by 10;30 and comes back by 6;30. He takes his lunch at 1400 hr; and so...

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