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I have a few questions regarding the meaning of the verb phrases propped up on/ propped against.

Oxford Dictionary gives the following sentences to illustrate the usage of the verb prop.

  1. The old man lay propped up on cushions.
  2. He lay propped against the pillows.

I take the predicates of the two sentences to mean the same thing: They both lay (on their beds, most likely,) their heads somewhat raised at an angle, cushions/the pillows supporting them. Or is there any difference between the two?

  1. She propped herself up on one elbow.

In this one, the woman being described was lying on her side (on her bed or on the floor, you cannot know,) head resting on her hand, arm bent at the elbow. Or could the sentence be interpreted in different ways? (She was sitting at her desk staring out the window, maybe?)

  • You should add the applicable definition(s) of prop, which might help explain the meaning. – user3169 Nov 25 '15 at 5:31
  • My Oxford Dictionary has only one definition for prop (verb): to support an object by leaning it against sth, or putting sth under it.; to support a person in the same way – goldbrick Nov 27 '15 at 13:22
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If something is propped up or propped against, it is neither horizontal nor vertical, but diagonal.

  • If you want to emphazise the not horizontal aspect, the "supported from below", use
    propped up
  • If you want to emphazise the not vertical aspect, the "leaning against", use
    propped against

So the old man from your example is described as either supported by the pillows ("p. up") or leaning against the pillows ("p. against") - both can describe the same scenario but with a slightly different perception.

In general, I would tend to favour "against" for more vertical objects (a painting propped against the wall), but this is no fixed rule.

  • So will "propped up on the pillows" be used here? And what do you think about "propped up with the pillows"? – It's about English Jun 2 at 11:44

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