I know a girl who was born in Melbourne in 199x but she was raised in Japan. Then she moved to China and has been living there for a few years.
Before she went back to Melbourne, one of her school mates asked the question, "Why must you leave". The girl told him, "I miss the place where I was born".
I have searched the Google web, which returned: hometown, place of birth.
Place of birth is alright, but it is long and somewhat mouthful, I don't know why.
According to online dictionary, the meaning of hometown can be either the town or city in which a person lives or was born, or from which a person comes, so, hometown, can not fully describe the situation in my question.