You can take a short ferry ride from the city of Surabaya to Madura for a heart-stopping bull race, filled with excitement.

In the sentence, is the phrase "filled with excitement" adverb phrase or adjective phrase? Thanks in advance.

  • 1
    It's an adjective phrase. – Khan Dec 13 '15 at 8:10
  • It's an adjective phrase reduced from the adjective clause " which is filled with excitement" , modifying the phrase " a heart-stopping bull race." – yethu Dec 13 '15 at 11:48

"Filled with excitement" is an adjective phrase, in which "filled" is an adjective and "with excitement" is its complement.


It's a non-restrictive adjective phrase, headed by the participial adjective filled. The adjective itself is modified by the prepositional phrase with excitement, which serves as its complement.

This adjective phrase most likely modifies a heart-stopping bull race. It theoretically can modify a short ferry ride, but it's too far from it.

An adverbial phrase modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb.

Had it been an adverbial phrase, it would've modified take a ride, but this would've looked strange:

You can take a ride, filled with excitement. (seems to modify either you or ride)
You can take a ride excitedly. (now it surely modifies [take a ride])

We can use filled with excitement predicatively:

This ride is/seems/feels filled with excitement.


excitement is a noun and filled a verb in past simple form, but this is not the case.

filled works as an adjective, like full or complete so filled with excitement (noun) works as an adjective phrase.

  • I don't agree; I think the phrase "filled with excitement" must be an adjective phrase or an adverb phrase. But thank you. – user27574 Dec 13 '15 at 7:54
  • @TheinLwin It's been edited, check it now. – Alejandro Dec 13 '15 at 12:11

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