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Assess whether the people to be protected support the intervention.

if we say " the people to protect" , would "the people" still maintain the role of being passive as in the original sentence?

  • No, you need to use be + past participle. If you leave it as you say, it becomes into a infinitive of purpose grammaring.com/the-infinitive-of-purpose. – Alejandro Jan 4 '16 at 11:17
  • @Subjunctive - If you remove the be then it isn't a passive, but you're quite right! – Araucaria Jan 4 '16 at 15:07
  • It's just called passive infinitive: to protect (to-infinitive) versus to be protected (passive infinitive) – Lambie Dec 2 '16 at 19:25
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The distinction lies between the active or passive infinitive.

If we choose the active infinitive form, it means that we focus about the agent who will do the action.
By choosing the passive infinitive form, we're focusing about the action.

However, after the verb be, the passive infinitive is normally prefered.

» This car is to be washed. (This car is to wash.)
» The documents are to be placed in the box. (The documents are to place in the box.)
» The carnival is to be celebrated tomorrow. (The carnival is to celebrate tomorrow.)

Both forms are possible in most cases depending of the focus:

» The people to treat / to be treated are in the following room.

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