What does the word "spongework" means? I have found it here: http://www.morningstarchapel.org/articles/Sight-2.htm

*The eye sends, as we saw, into the cell-and-fibre forest of the brain throughout the waking day continual rhythmic streams of tiny, individually evanescent, electrical potentials. This throbbing streaming crowd of electrified shifting points in the spongework of the brain bears no obvious semblance in space pattern, and even in temporal relation resembles but a little remotely the tiny two-dimensional upside-down picture of the outside world which the eyeball paints on the beginnings of its nerve fibers to the brain. But that little picture sets up an electrical storm. And that electrical storm so set up is one which effects a whole population of brain cells. Electrical charges having in themselves not the faintest elements of the visual - having, for instance, nothing of "distance," "right-side-upness," nor "vertical," nor "horizontal," nor "colour," nor "brightness," nor "shadow," nor "roundness," nor "squareness," nor "contour," nor "transparency," nor "opacity," nor "near," nor "far," nor visual anything - yet conjure up all these.*

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Spongework is an adjective to describe the topology of the brain, that it is not solid per se but consists of structures resembling a sponge: not smooth but convoluted with many irregular connections yet is mainly interconnected as a sponge is connected. It may also be an allusion to the absorbancy of a sponge and how fluids can flow freely yet be held within a sponge.

sponge is the metaphor for comparison
works describes that it is a network or complex of sponges

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Spongework is not a common word. The OED lists it as a compound ('sponge-work') of sponge, and shows two examples from the 19th century, and gives no definition. GloWBe (the corpus of global web-based English) has no examples at all.

Nonetheless, it is easy to understand in context, as an analogous term to "network", but with the density of a sponge rather than a net.

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