Does the state of being overwhelmed actually tend to express physical or emotional fatigue? or it could be both?
closed as off-topic by Alejandro, user3169, Nathan Tuggy, Jim Reynolds, ʇolɐǝz ǝɥʇ qoq Feb 7 '16 at 4:29
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If you're referring to a cause - effect relationship, i.e.: "suffering fatigue or feeling worn out as a result of having been overwhelmed by something or someone", then being overwhelmed expresses both a physical condition and a psychological one.
Indeed, according to the Cambridge Dictionary, the verb overwhelm has different meanings:
as referred to a physical condition, as a synonym of to defeat:
to defeat someone or something by using a lot of force: Government troops have overwhelmed the rebels and seized control of the capital.
Also, from Urban Dictionary:
being drunk; drinking: Last night i was overwhelmed.
As referred to an emotive condition, with the verb mainly used at its passive form (to be overwhelmed):
to cause someone to feel sudden strong emotion: They were overwhelmed with/by grief when theirbaby died.
With the same meaning of the verb (used as an adjective), there's a sentence in one of the masterpieces of the LA progressive rock band Tool, Roseta Stoned, that says:
«Overwhelmed as one would be placed in my position
Such a heavy burden now to be the one»,
but you should listen to the song to find out why he's feeling this way ( ;) ).
A third, literal, meaning (not normally used to refer to a human condition) is related to the action of water:
If water overwhelms a place, it covers it suddenly and completely.
This is more related to the etymology of the verb:
early 14c., "to turn upside down, to overthrow," from over- + Middle English whelmen "to turn upside down" (see whelm). Meaning "to submerge completely" is mid-15c. Perhaps the connecting notion is a boat, etc., washed over, and overset, by a big wave. Figurative sense of "to bring to ruin" is attested from 1520s.