# Can 'all' be used as a predicative complement?

"But what are you going to do with it [= dragon’s egg] when it's hatched?" said Hermione.
"Well, I've bin doin' some readin', said Hagrid, pulling a large book from under his pillow. "Got this outta the library –– Dragon Breeding for Pleasure and Profit –– it's a bit outta date, o' course, but it's all in here. Keep the egg in the fire, 'cause their mothers breathe on ‘em, see, an' when it hatches, feed it on a bucket o' brandy mixed with chicken blood every half hour. An' see here –– how ter recognize diff'rent eggs –– what I got there's a Norwegian Ridgeback. They're rare, them."
(Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone)

It looks like ‘all’ is a predicative complement over ‘it’. Yet I don’t find such usage in dictionaries. How do I see the ‘all’?

• It's all a mystery to me. Jul 24, 2013 at 12:30
• @FumbleFingers I am consumed with envy at this gnomic recursion. Jul 24, 2013 at 13:57
• @StoneyB: Surely you mean all this gnomic recursion! :) Jul 24, 2013 at 14:11
• @FumbleFingers All one of it, over and over and over ... ∞ Jul 24, 2013 at 14:16

"It's all in here" means, approximately, "everything you need to know is contained in this work". The phrase is frequently used in response to a question or implicit question:

How do I install a grounded wall outlet? —(handing you a manual) It's all in here.
I can't find the 1927 commerce data. —(handing you a reference book) It's all in here.

As FumbleFingers very wittily and economically points out, whenever it heads a response to a question or implicit question it often refers to the answer:

Can 'all' be used as a predicative complement? —It's a mystery to me.

So the it Hagrid uses here is not co-referent with any previous it, but refers to the answer to the question which launched the discussion, "What are you going to do with it?"

As for all, McCawley 1998 has several pages (I'm sorry, I don't remember exactly where) on how all can be moved around. All may occur:

at the beginning, in the determiner position: All of it is here.
after the noun/pronoun it modifies, in an appositive-adjective position: It all is here.
after the verb, in an adverb position: It is all here.

But they all have the same meaning. Or all of them have same meaning. Or they have all the same meaning.

• Perhaps OP is confused because Hermione's "it" refers to the egg, and Hagrid's first "it" (it's a bit outta date) refers to the book. I think perhaps the easiest way to understand Hagrid's second "it" is to say it = the answer to the question I'm addressing. That works for all our current examples, and also covers "less-than-complete" responses like "It's hard to say". Jul 24, 2013 at 14:33
• @FumbleFingers I think you're right about the confusion, and that your redefinition of my "substance" as "answer" is superior ... Jul 24, 2013 at 15:54
• Truth be told, even after looking it up, the exact meaning of "Predicative Complement" isn't clear to me. I really have no idea whether all counts as one in, for example, "That's all, folks!" Jul 24, 2013 at 16:49
• @FumbleFingers A predicative complement is a complement of the verb which is "predicated" of the subject: He felt ill, He looked green, and as you say That is all. Jul 24, 2013 at 20:08