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I have a problem with identifying whether this type of sentences is simple or complex:

Besides stealing jewels, he also murdered her.
In spite of my advice, she gave up her studies.

The prepositions "besides" and "in spite of" confuse me.

Could you please help me to identify this type of sentences?

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In your examples

he also murdered her
she gave up her studies

are both the simple sentence (independent clause) portions of your complex sentences

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"In spite of" is a preposition group. It is followed only by a noun, not by a clause. "besides"is a simple preposition. As you have no subclause in your two examples you have simple sentences.

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