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For example:

"I don't have anywhere to put them" becomes "I don't have where to put them".

This doesn't make sense to me but apparently, according to my girlfriend, is also correct.

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    That example is definitely wrong; you can't use where in that sentence. – SomethingDark Mar 8 '16 at 21:38
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    @SomethingDark Better, but there are examples of 'where' being used as what might be analysed as a pronoun after 'have' in a few places on the internet. I think it might be an archaic usage, but a check in OED is probably required. 'I can't find where to put them' and 'I can't find anywhere to put them' are both idiomatic. – Edwin Ashworth Mar 8 '16 at 22:14
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    @Born2Smile Agreed, but notice that I'm not answering here. I'm addressing the claims in comments above 'you can't use where in that sentence' ... 'using where would not work because it is not a pronoun'. – Edwin Ashworth Mar 8 '16 at 22:26
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    @EdwinAshworth ah, but you did answer. Regardless of intent. The original poster didn't care about the pronoun state of the two words, but about whether the two words were interchangeable. And you have illustrated with example that indeed they are not. Problem solved, question answered, thumbs up :) – Born2Smile Mar 8 '16 at 22:30
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    Can your girlfriend cite a single attestation? – Tᴚoɯɐuo Mar 8 '16 at 22:36
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It is an ancient form, found inter alia in the Authorised Version (1611) of the Bible (otherwise known as the King James Version):

And Jesus said unto him, Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head. (Luke 9:58)

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  • That's clearly a precursor to nowhere, not anywhere! – curiousdannii Mar 18 '16 at 0:00
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No, they are not interchangeable. In the second sentence you could say... I don't know where to put them. But that certainly has a different meaning.

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    Please take the site tour and review the help center. It is not enough to say "yes" or "no"; you must explain why you hold your position, else the post is not an answer so much as personal opinion, and may be downvoted as such. – choster Mar 9 '16 at 1:16
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No, since "where" is typically used singularly ("Where did you go?" "He went where?") and "anywhere" is typically used in a plural sense ("I can't find it anywhere", "Just leave it anywhere"). If you have multiples but a definite location you would typically use "where." If you know I went to Europe, but wanted to know what countries I visited, you would still ask "Where did you go in Europe?" If you have no idea one way or the other about whether I took a trip at all, you would instead ask "Did you go anywhere this summer?" In that example, there is no definite location, while in the others there is.

There may be a slightly better way to phrase it, but that's about all I can squeeze out of my brain at the moment. Sorry if it's not precise enough.

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