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I am a self-taught learner, so I mostly read the self-study books.

May self-taught and self-study be written without hyphens?

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Generally, hyphenate two or more words when they come before a noun they modify and act as a single idea. This is called a compound adjective.

an off-campus apartment

state-of-the-art design

When a compound adjective follows a noun, a hyphen is usually not necessary.

The apartment is off campus.

However, some established compound adjectives are always hyphenated. Double-check with a dictionary or online.

The design is state-of-the-art.

According to the Concise Oxford Dictionary, self- is a hyphenated prefix, so self-taught and self-study are always hyphenated. This seems to be the usual practice according to google NGram

You may find these guidelines for hyphenation useful.

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