For instance:

He lifted his bike above/over his head.

Please just clarify these prepositions with one example.

  • This might help with above vs. over: learnersdictionary.com/qa/above-and-over – stangdon Mar 30 '16 at 13:38
  • 1
    There are dozens of different uses for each these words, which makes it difficult to explain them in our format. Prepositions are idiosyncratic. Can you provide a situation where you have seen more than one of them used, and why you find one or the other confusing? – choster Mar 30 '16 at 14:29

X is above Y - if Y were to look up, he/she/it would see X. Usually but not always implies that there is some distance between X and Y. If X and Y are numbers or measurements, X is larger than Y.

X is over Y - same as above, except X might be touching or covering Y. If there is some distance between X and Y the implication is that the surface area of X is equal to or greater than Y, e.g. synonymous with covers. E.g. "Clouds are over me" is appropriate because clouds are in the sky and have a large surface area. "Clouds are above me" impiles that there's only a few clouds directly above you.

X upon Y - X is sitting on, hitting, or touching the top of Y, or very close and looking down on Y.

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