For instance:

He lifted his bike above/over his head.

Please just clarify these prepositions with one example.

closed as too broad by choster, Nathan Tuggy, user3169, ColleenV, M.A.R. Mar 30 '16 at 16:49

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • This might help with above vs. over: learnersdictionary.com/qa/above-and-over – stangdon Mar 30 '16 at 13:38
  • 1
    There are dozens of different uses for each these words, which makes it difficult to explain them in our format. Prepositions are idiosyncratic. Can you provide a situation where you have seen more than one of them used, and why you find one or the other confusing? – choster Mar 30 '16 at 14:29

X is above Y - if Y were to look up, he/she/it would see X. Usually but not always implies that there is some distance between X and Y. If X and Y are numbers or measurements, X is larger than Y.

X is over Y - same as above, except X might be touching or covering Y. If there is some distance between X and Y the implication is that the surface area of X is equal to or greater than Y, e.g. synonymous with covers. E.g. "Clouds are over me" is appropriate because clouds are in the sky and have a large surface area. "Clouds are above me" impiles that there's only a few clouds directly above you.

X upon Y - X is sitting on, hitting, or touching the top of Y, or very close and looking down on Y.

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