Please tell me if "standing" is a gerund or an adjective-
The man standing over there is a friend of mine.
English Language Learners Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for speakers of other languages learning English. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
Standing is a present participle which is:
grammar: a verb form that ends in “-ing” and that is used with “be” to refer to action that is happening at the time of speaking or a time spoken of
If you put back the omitted relative pronoun and the verb "be", the sentence will be:
The man who is standing over there is a friend of mine.
The man is standing at the time of speaking. And "standing" is post-modifying the subject when whiz-deletion occurs.
Present or past participles are usually used as an adjective pre-modifying or post-modifying a noun or noun phrase.