When I am reading Philosophy and Simulation, I encountered the phrase:
But I could not understand what does the phrase refer? Could you give me real world examples of concrete wholes and meaning of it?
And even if one does not have a problem with an ontological commitment to entities like these it is hard to see how we could specify mechanisms of emergence for life or mind in general, as opposed to accounting for the emergent properties and capacities of concrete wholes like a metabolic circuit or an assembly of neurons. The only problem with focusing on concrete wholes is that this would seem to make philosophers redundant since they do not play any role in the elucidation of the series of events that produce emergent effects.