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Another war began right there. Captain Roque Carnicero and his six men left with Colonel Aureliano Buendia to free the revolutionary general Victorio Medina, who had been condemned to death in Riohacha. (One Hundred Years of Solitude, tr. by Gregory Rabassa)

Does the prepositional phrase take a role of adverbial; in the phrase, ‘Colonel Aureliano Buendia’ is a semantic subject, and ‘to free the revolutionary general Victorio Medina’ the predicate?

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The with ... and to free ... phrases are distinct.

  • The with phrase says that Capt. Carnicero and his men accompanied Col. Buendia (and presumably were under his command).

  • the to free ... phrase is an infinitive of purpose: it names the goal of the expedition, freeing Medina.

Both phrases are adverbial or adsentential, but they describe different phases of the action.

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