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I'm currently working with a book in which there're some examples of phrases. Here's one of them:

food high in fats and carbohydrates ( body has increased energy needs in cold weather)

I emphasized what's not clear. I was confused by the structure. body is a subject here (it recieves energy from food), and an object as well (body needs energy in cold weather). How is it possible?

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    I'm not sure I understand what you're trying to say. In the parenthesis, “needs” is a noun: “Body has increased energy needs in cold weather.” – user3395 May 7 '16 at 13:06
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subject: body

verb: has

direct object: increased energy needs

adverbial: in cold weather

We would normally expect a determiner (such as the definite or indefinite article) before body, since it is a singular count noun.

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