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I'm working with a book for English composition. The book suggests "Lying awoke in bed pleasant" as an answer for a question written in my language.

But I think the sentence is grammatically incorrect. I think so because there is not a verb in that sentence. Am I thinking wrong? Or if I write as the following, will it be correct?

Lying awaken in bed is pleasant.

P.S. The question in the book includes meaning of "lying in bed after waking from sleep"

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    Lying awoke should be lying awake. And yes, you need a verb like the one you supplied. – deadrat May 5 '16 at 6:45
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    If Lying is the name of a person (not unreasonable in some communities / regions), then the sentence asserts that (s)he woke up in bed and was pleasant (as opposed to grumpy) upon waking up. So yes, it can be grammatical. – Lawrence May 5 '16 at 7:29
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    @Lawrence Except that would be awoken. Lying (there) awoken. – WS2 May 5 '16 at 7:37
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    @WS2 - If a book on English composition recommends the sentence "Lying awoke in bed pleasant" that book probably should be burned. – Hot Licks May 5 '16 at 22:38
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    @everyone - Your knowledge is the saving of me. Thank you. – Jack0910 May 7 '16 at 22:52
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You're correct that the sentence is grammatically incorrect, although it does contain a verb:

Lying awoke in bed...

You are also correct in adding an "is" before "pleasant".

However, both you and the book may be confusing the words awoke (past-tense verb) and awaken (present-tense verb) with awake (adjective).

A possible solution:

Lying awake in bed is pleasant.

  • And then you hope it is not too offending to people that suffer from insomnia... – oerkelens Aug 2 '16 at 16:08
  • Lying awake in bed may or may not be pleasant – Robbie Redfearn Aug 2 '16 at 16:12
  • Saying that "lying" is a verb is somewhat misleading. It's what's often termed a "gerund", which occupies something of a middle place between a verb and a noun. While it does function as a verb within its clause (here "lying awake in bed"), it - or rather the verbal phrase - acts as a noun in the sentence as a whole. This is why you need to add the "is": while the clause has a verb, the sentence as a whole is lacking one. – R.M. Aug 2 '16 at 23:32
  • @R.M. Hah! This is why I joined this community; to learn the strange particulars of the English language. Thanks for pointing that out. It took me a few reads, but I think I understand. So, say you had the sentence "Swimming is fun". Is "Swimming" a gerund there, or a verb? – Robbie Redfearn Aug 4 '16 at 15:54
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This question has been answered. However, there is another possible variation, depending on the original question asked (which is unknown). Example:

  • Q: What are you doing?
  • A: Pleasantly Lying awake in bed!

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