Labels on things and companies
As the name of a company, most native speakers would hear Outclued as a past participle describing the company. Whatever outclued means, they would expect that the company has that quality.
For example, there is a company called Peerless that makes boilers. They write the word "Peerless" prominently on their boilers. The common meaning of "peerless" is "without equal": that is, better than all others. Labeling the boilers "Peerless" and the company "Peerless" is understood as claiming that the boilers and the company are peerless.
A common meaning of the prefix out- before a verb is to do the action of the verb in a way that exceeds or surpasses something, especially to surpass a competitor. For example, if Joe outruns John, that means that Joe runs faster or further than John. If Joe outsells John, that means that Joe sells more than John sells. If Joe outnegotiates John, that means that Joe negotiates better than John. By the way, I just made up the word outnegotiate. Dictionary.com doesn't have it. But a fluent speaker would understand it easily.
As you can see from the comments, fluent speakers have difficulty assigning a meaning to outclued without some additional hint or context. They try to understand it by analogy with other verbs that have an out- prefix, and so they wonder what clue means as a verb. Whatever clue means as a verb, they expect that outclue would mean doing it exceedingly. And outclued would be the past participle.
Past participles are usually passive
Past participles in English are usually passive. They mean that the action of the verb has been done to the noun that they modify. For example, a lit cigarette is one that has been lit, not a cigarette that lit something else. The beaten path is the path that has been beaten (by people walking on it), not the path that beat other things.
So, people expect that a company called Outclued wants to be thought of as a company that has been outclued by someone else. Even without knowing what clued as a verb means, outclued suggests that the company is probably the loser in some sort of competition. Similarly, a person who has been outsmarted or outwitted has lost a competition involving intelligence, like the fellow who lost the "battle of wits" in this scene from The Princess Bride.
As a verb, clue in contemporary English usually appears as a phrasal verb: to clue someone in on something means to give them information about it, especially information that most people don't have access to. The OED reports on a slightly older usage, where to clue someone is to inform them about something, that is, give them a clue. I personally haven't encountered it, but it's the meaning that one would expect based on clue in. Clue in probably occurs most frequently as a past participle: someone is clued in if they have the relevant information—if they're "in the know".
So, Outclued as a company name suggests that the company is less informed about important, relevant matters than its competitors. The company has less access to privileged information than its competitors. Because out- with a past participle suggests defeat in a competition, outclued is likely to suggest the word clueless to someone trying to guess its meaning.
There are other senses of the word clue, involving thread, sailing, and nails, but they're not well-known and they need context to suggest them. It's unlikely that most fluent speakers would think of them when trying to guess the meaning of Outclued with no context except that it's the name of a company.