The factors like economy and education are used to measure/decide how a country has been developed.
The factors like economy and education measure/decide how a country has been developed.
Basically the human judge a country in terms of such factors. So I'm sure of the 1st sentence being right. But I am not about 2nd one and it seems pretty awkward only for the case with 'measure'.
But in other view point, it seems possible to use because all measuring would go in terms of those factors, so it is almost done by them.
What is proper way to say? and What causes this strangeness?