When these fears begin to ____ you embarrassment or you feel that your life is being disrupted then you would be wise to seek treatment for what could potentially be a phobia.

A) cause
B) make
C) create
D) give

I understood answer B (make) is not appropriate this sentence grammatically, but why is the answer A? As I know, "to cause" have to put with "someone + to verb" or only "noun" but above these sentence it's not. can you explain it for me?

  • Why do you think embarrassment is not a noun? It falls under your only noun "rule", but that "rule" is incomplete. The noun is the direct object, but you is the indirect object. There is no reason why it could not be used. – oerkelens Jul 13 '16 at 12:16

"Cause you embarrassment" is exactly the same structure as "give you the book", or "save you a seat".

In each case, it is an optional rearrangement of the form with an explicit preposition: "cause embarrassment to you"; "give the book to you"; "save a seat for you". There is no difference in meaning between the two forms.

This construction is regular with ditransitive verbs (which have a direct and an indirect object). The preposition omitted is always either "to" or "for".


You can use both structures:

cause [somebody] + to [infinitive]

cause [somebody] [something]

So you can say:

cause you embarrassment.

cause you to feel embarrassed.

But you cannot say:

make you embarrassment

create you embarrassment

However, you can say:

make you feel embarrassed.

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