1

It takes the earth a little more than 365 days to travel around the sun.

According to the sentence, I think the structure of it like the following:

  • It = Preparatory "it"
  • takes = Verb
  • the earth = Indirect object
  • a little more than 365 days = Direct object
  • to travel around the sun = Subject

If there is something wrong, please explain it to me.

  • 1
    You are right except that "it" is the subject, not the infinitival clause "to travel around the sun" This is called an 'extraposed' construction where the subject of the basic (non-extraposed) version is 'extraposed' to the end of the sentence, outside the verb phrase, and replaced by the dummy pronoun "it" which becomes the subject. The basic version would be To travel around the sun takes the earth a little more than 365 days. – BillJ Aug 2 '16 at 6:38
  • Bill, can't the "it" be a dummy-it and the sentence be understood as "The Earth travels around the sun in a little more than 365 days"? – SovereignSun Dec 4 '17 at 17:39
  • However, even "The Earth takes a little more than 365 days to travel around the sun" is also possible. – SovereignSun Dec 4 '17 at 17:40
0

I think it is like this:

  • It = Subject
  • takes = verb in third person of singular (it)
  • the earth = indirect object
  • al little more than 365 days = Direct object
  • to travel around the sun = Complement

You can check this out

  • If "it" is the subject, what does "it" refer to? – thein lwin Aug 2 '16 at 0:51
  • I think it refers to the action of taking a little more than 365 days. – Manuel Sayago Aug 2 '16 at 1:50
  • You are right, except that the infinitval clause "to travel around the sun" is not a complement, but an extraposed subject outside the verb phrase. Please see my message to the OP. – BillJ Aug 2 '16 at 6:36
  • 1
    'OP' means 'original poster'; the person who asked the question in the first place. In this case, the OP is thein Iwin. – BillJ Aug 3 '16 at 12:28
  • 1
    The infinitival clause "to travel around the sun" is the subject in the basic non-extraposed version. In the extraposed construction, the subject of the basic version is moved to the end of the sentence and is called 'the displaced subject'. It is outside the VP (verb phrase). Here's a link that may help you: link – BillJ Aug 3 '16 at 12:46

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.