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I wrote:

Syntactic parsing is a basic task in natural language processing and the grammar plays a crucial role in this ??.

First I would like to know how to fill the gap (??). I thought of "regard", "respect", "task", "ground", or nothing and just "this".

Second I don't know if I should use "the grammar" or "grammars" or maybe "grammar" here.

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    Syntactic parsing is a basic task in natural language processing and grammar plays a crucial role in such task. – Ghaith Alrestom Aug 3 '16 at 7:05
  • I think, in this context,grammar is [uncountabel]. Did you already talk about the importance of grammar? If so, I would say there is no problem with using "the". – Cardinal Aug 3 '16 at 7:20
  • @Cardinal no, that is just the first sentence of a paper. – Ahmad Aug 3 '16 at 7:39
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    Note that you don't really have to include in this (task). This is complete enough for me: Syntactic parsing is a basic task in natural language processing and grammar plays a crucial role. (I expect that you're going to write more about how grammar plays such an important role right after this sentence, though.) – Damkerng T. Aug 3 '16 at 7:48
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    Grammar plays a crucial role in the basic task of syntactic parsing of natural language. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Aug 3 '16 at 11:08
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I would omit both the "the" (since you refer to grammar in general) and the "??". You could maybe even use a comma, so that the sentence could be:

Syntactic parsing is a basic task in natural language processing, and grammar plays a crucial role in this.

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