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The environment was deficient in many resources, among them salt, stone, and many other materials.

Could you give me some more examples and explanation about this? Or Could you paraphrase it?

Ancient Civilizations By Dr. Brian Fagan, Chris Scarre

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  • Unless I haven't had enough coffee, it's an adjectival phrase that modifies resources. A clause contains both a subject and a verb. Commented Aug 5, 2016 at 18:22
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    It can only be a preposition phrase since it's headed by the preposition "among". Its function in your sentence Is 'supplementary adjunct', though it doesn't fit in any of the usual semantic categories. Supplements are not modifiers, they simply refer to some other element (called the 'anchor') in the main clause. Here, the anchor is the noun phrase "many resources".
    – BillJ
    Commented Aug 5, 2016 at 20:46
  • thank you both but Why no one answered this question?
    – Anfi
    Commented Aug 6, 2016 at 8:02
  • I found another example in the book: "Many variables affected trade, among them the demand for goods." it seems that these authors like the way they're doing. books.google.com/…
    – Anfi
    Commented Aug 6, 2016 at 9:11
  • and this: "along with many other industries that were severely affected by the crisis, among them the steel industry" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Mexico
    – Anfi
    Commented Aug 6, 2016 at 9:14

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To paraphrase it:

The environment was lacking many resources such as/some of which were salt, stone, and many other materials.

So the meaning is that there weren't enough resources. Then, some of the missing resources were listed so as to give an example of what kind of resources were missing.

An example sentence I can think of:

There are many vegetables in the salad, among them cucumbers, tomatoes, carrots, etc.

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