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The adjective "pedantic" is sometimes used derogatorily. Can it be used in a neutral or positive context?

In other words, if person A refers person B as pedantic, can it sometimes be used as a neutral or positive description? Or is the use of the adjective "pedantic" always derogatory?

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    Ages ago, pedant meant only schoolteacher... – P. E. Dant Aug 6 '16 at 19:58
  • @P.E.Dant Is that how you're using it? – Alan Carmack Aug 8 '16 at 0:02
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    @AlanCarmack My use is ironic, or purports to be, at least, in spite of many failures. – P. E. Dant Aug 8 '16 at 0:17
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It can only be used in a derogatory fashion, and I think the best way to demonstrate this is by comparing the definitions of "pedant" from a number of dictionaries:

Merriam-Webster
Simple Definition:
A person who annoys other people by correcting small errors and giving too much attention to minor details.

Full Definition:
One who makes a show of knowledge;
One who is unimaginative or who unduly emphasizes minutiae in the presentation or use of knowledge;
A formalist or precisionist in teaching.

Cambridge Dictionary
Disapproving
A person who is too interested in formal rules and small details that are not important.

Oxford Dictionaries
A person who is excessively concerned with minor details and rules or with displaying academic learning.

Macmillan Dictionary
Someone who gives too much important to details and formal rules, especially of grammar.

Collins Dictionary
A person who relies too much on academic learning or who is concerned chiefly with insignificant detail.

In each of these definitions, there is some mention of excess, arrogance, or annoyance. None of these are positive traits or qualities.


If I wanted to describe someone who always aimed to do the correct thing, pedant would not be my word of choice. I would probably choose one of (from Oxford Dictionaries):

meticulous
Showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise:
"the designs are hand-glazed with meticulous care"
"he had always been so meticulous about his appearance"

thorough
Performed or written with great care and completeness:
"officers have made a thorough examination of the wreckage"

Taking pains to do something carefully and completely:
"the British authorities are very thorough"

rigorous
Extremely thorough and careful:
"the rigorous testing of consumer products"

(Of a person) adhering strictly to a belief or system:
"a rigorous teetotaller"

scholarly
Involving or relating to serious academic study:
"scholarly journals"
"a scholarly career"

Having or showing knowledge, learning, or devotion of academic pursuits:
"a scholarly account of the period"
"an earnest, scholarly man"

My exact choice would depend on the message I was trying to put across, since the meanings are all slightly different.

  • @StoneyB: Thanks for the suggestion, I've added it. – LMS Aug 6 '16 at 18:07
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LMS has given an excellent answer that covers serious writing and conversation.

I can just conceive of a friendly situation where I might turn to someone in the group and say "we need to get this right; what does our resident pedant think?" The "resident" or other such affectionate modifier (I hope) ameliorating the negative "pedant".

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